Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with its roots in blues and ragtime. There are different jazz styles and the Original Dixieland Jass Band (ODJB) made the music’s first recordings early in 1917, and their ‘Livery Stable Blues’ became the earliest released jazz record. Louis Armstrong, a trumpeter was another very influential artist in jazz history.
- Acid Jazz
Acid jazz uses elements of jazz, funk and hip-hop. Because of its existence as a percussion-heavy, primarily live music, it was closer to jazz than any other dance style, but its focus on maintaining a groove allied it with funk, hip-hop, and dance music.
- Avant-Garde Jazz
Avant-garde jazz (also known as avant-jazz and experimental jazz) is a style of music and improvisation that combines avant-garde art music and composition with jazz. It originated in the 1950s and developed through the 1960s. Originally synonymous with free jazz, much avant-garde jazz was distinct from that style.
Bebop or bop is a style of jazz developed in the early to mid-1940s in the United States by the younger generation of jazz musicians. They expanded their creative possibilities of jazz and changed the popular, dance-oriented swing style into a brand new “musician’s music” that was not as danceable and required close listening. The characteristics of their music were brisk tempo, complex chord progression with rapid chord changes, frequent changes of keys, instrumental virtuosity, improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structures, the creative use of scales and occasional references to the melody.
- Big Band
A big band is a type of musical ensemble of jazz music that usually consists of ten or more musicians with four sections: saxophones, trumpets, trombones, and a rhythm section. Big bands originated during the early 1910s and dominated jazz in the early 1940s when swing was most popular.
- Blue Note
In the musical realm, these notes “between the cracks” of conventional pitches are called blue notes. … For example, a melody in C major might be sung with a note that is halfway between E and E-flat. As the term suggests, blue notes are thought to be particularly characteristic of the blues. Another example is the Flat 5 (b5) Scale degree which sounds great in the blues, especially when mixed in with the Minor Pentatonic Scale.
- Contemporary Jazz
Contemporary jazz may refer to smooth jazz, a musical genre that evolved from a blend of jazz fusion and easy-listening pop. Jazz fusion, a musical genre combining rock, funk, and rhythm and blues.
Cool jazz is a style of modern jazz music that arose in the United States after World War II. It is characterized by relaxed tempos and lighter tone, in contrast to the fast and complex bebop style. Cool jazz often employs formal arrangements and incorporates elements of classical music.
- Crossover Jazz
Crossover jazz is a style of jazz that incorporates elements from other genres to appeal to a bigger audience. Musicians associated with crossover jazz seek a wider appeal with audiences that are not devoted specifically to jazz music, and often sell albums on charts other than jazz, such as pop and R&B.
Dixieland, sometimes referred to as hot jazz or traditional jazz, is a style of jazz based on the music that developed in New Orleans at the start of the 20th century. One of the first uses of the term “Dixieland” with reference to music was in the name of the Original Dixieland Jass Band.
One of Ethiopia’s greatest innovations, Ethiopian Jazz, termed ‘Ethio-jazz’, is a unique fusion of traditional Ethiopian music with jazz, Afro-funk, soul, and Latin rhythms.
Jazz fusion (also known as fusion and progressive jazz) is a music genre that developed in the late 1960s when musicians combined jazz harmony and improvisation with rock music, funk, and rhythm and blues.
- Gypsy Jazz
Gypsy jazz is a style of small-group jazz originating from the Romani guitarist Jean “Django” Reinhardt, in conjunction with the French swing violinist Stéphane Grappelli. Because its origins are in France and Reinhardt was from the Manouche (French Sinti) clan, the style was popular amongst the Manouche gypsies. It is often called by the French name “jazz manouche”, or alternatively, “manouche jazz” in English.
- Hard Bop
Hard bop is a subgenre of jazz that is an extension of bebop music in the mid 1950s. It incorporated influences from rhythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in saxophone and piano playing
- Latin Jazz
Latin jazz is a genre of jazz with Latin American rhythms. The two main categories are Afro-Cuban jazz, rhythmically based on Cuban popular dance music, with a rhythm section employing ostinato patterns or a clave, and Afro-Brazilian jazz, which includes bossa nova and samba.
- Mainstream Jazz
Mainstream jazz is the popular jazz music of an era which was established in the 1950s by a music journalist Stanley Dance.
A kind of music evolved by black American musicians in the 1890s and played especially on the piano, characterized by a syncopated melodic line and regularly accented accompaniment.The defining characteristic of ragtime music is a specific type of syncopation in which melodic accents fall between metrical beats. This results in a melody that seems to be avoiding some metrical beats of the accompaniment by emphasizing notes that either anticipate or follow the beat.
- Smooth Jazz
Smooth jazz is a genre of commercially oriented crossover jazz that became dominant in the 1980s and early 1990s.
- Trad Jazz
Trad Jazz or “traditional jazz”, was a form of jazz in Britain in the 1950s and 1960s, played by musicians such as Chris Barber, Acker Bilk, Kenny Ball, Ken Colyer and Monty Sunshine. They tried to revive New Orleans, Dixieland jazz, on trumpet, trombone, clarinet, banjo, double bass, and drums, with a repertoire which included jazz versions of pop songs and nursery rhymes.
- Third Stream
Third stream is a synthesis of jazz and classical music. The term was coined in 1957 by composer Gunther Schuller in a lecture at Brandeis University. Improvisation is generally seen as a vital component of third stream.
Jazz-funk is a subgenre of jazz music characterized by a strong back beat, electrified sounds and an early prevalence of analog synthesizers.
- Free Jazz
Free jazz is an experimental approach to jazz improvisation that developed in the late 1950s and early 1960s when musicians attempted to change or break down jazz conventions, such as regular tempos, tones, and chord changes.
- Modal Jazz
Modal jazz is jazz that makes use of musical modes often modulating between them instead of relying on one tonal center. Although precedents exist, modal jazz was crystallized as a theory by composer George Russell in his 1953 book Lydian Chromatic Concept of Tonal Organization.